A fistula is an abnormal connection that may exist between organs, tissues, or blood vessels in the human body. The fistula can be formed in various body parts like the gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, skin, respiratory system, or reproductive system. Its location depends on the underlying cause.
Fistula can be treated by fistula surgery which is medically called a Fistulotomy. Since fistula can be caused in various parts of the body such as the digestive system, urinary tract, skin, etc. the surgical process and the type of surgery that the doctor will perform depends on its location. Before the surgery is performed it is necessary to conduct a thorough evaluation that may include medical history, physical examination, and imaging studies such as MRI, and CT scan to determine the exact location and extent of fistula.
Types of Fistula surgery
There are various types of fistula surgeries performed depending on the severity of the case and related health issues. At Atharva Hospital you get the best surgeons, advanced infrastructure, and the best advice before and after the surgery.
- Fistulotomy: This is a very common type of fistula surgery. In this type of surgery, the doctor uses to cut the fistula tract for healing from the inside.
- Fistulectomy: This is another type of fistula surgery that doctors usually perform. In this type of surgery instead of cutting the fistula tract doctor used remove the fistula. This type of surgery is mainly performed in complex cases or cases of recurrent fistulas.
- Advanced Flap process: This is another fistula surgical process that doctors use to perform to treat fistula. In this process of surgery, doctors cover the opening of the fistula promote the healing process, and prevent relapse.
- Ligation of Intersphincteric Fistula Tract (LIFT): This is another fistula surgical process in which doctors close the internal opening of the fistula. But in this process, doctors close the opening without cutting the sphincter muscles but preserve bowel control.
At Atharva Hospital, minimal invasive processes are followed for the surgery such as laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery. These methods require a small incision in the abdomen or other parts nearest to the affected part of the body.
How should you take care of the patient after fistula surgery?
Once the fistula surgery is performed you need to monitor the condition of the patient very closely. You need to provide antibiotics and proper wound care to manage the pain and smooth recovery of the patient. Apart from that, the patient must modify their diet and maintain good hygiene so that they can prevent any kind of infection. It is also highly required for the patient to schedule follow-up appointments so that the doctor can easily monitor the healing process of the patient.
What type of risks and complications?
It is necessary to take care of the patient after the fistula surgery. With the complete knowledge of after-surgery care, you can also take care of yourself. This surgery is completely safe but in some cases, various types of complications such as infection, bleeding, or recurrence happen if the treatment has not happened from a trusted hospital.
Fistula surgery is performed to enhance the quality of life for the fistula patient. After the surgery, the pain and discomfort that are associated with the fistula can be easily alleviated. Nowadays much advancement has come up in the surgical techniques that can significantly reduce the pain and complications of the patient. Apart from that, the cost of fistula surgery has come down making it viable for the common patient suffering from this painful disease fistula. Atharva Hospital offers the most advanced medical setup and highly experienced doctors cater to your medical condition.